Styes are usually caused by obstructed orifices (or openings) of the oil glands in the eyelid. Very frequently, they are infected by bacteria, most commonly staphylococcal bacteria.
(excessive oily discharge from the glands) may increase the likelihood of developing one of these infections. Certain factors can contribute to the blockage of the glands:
- Improper or incomplete removal of eye makeup
- Use of outdated or infected cosmetics
- Poor eyelid hygiene
- Inflammatory diseases of the eyelid, such as blepharitis, meibomitis, and rosacea
- Hormonal changes
Most styes go away on their own in 5-7 days.
- Apply warm compresses 4-6 times a day for about 15 minutes at a time to help the drainage. Keep your eyes closed.
- Gently scrub the eyelid with tap water or with a mild, nonirritating soap or shampoo (such as baby shampoo). This may help with drainage. Close your eyes as you scrub so you do not injure your eyes.
- Do not squeeze or puncture the sty. A more serious infection may occur as a result.
- Discontinue the use of eye makeup as well as eye lotions and creams because they may be infected.
- Discontinue wearing your contact lenses because the sty may cause an infection to spread to your cornea with the continued use of your contact lenses.
Good hand and facial washing may prevent styes from forming or coming back.
Upon awakening, application of a warm washcloth to the eyelids for 1-2 minutes may be beneficial in decreasing the occurrence of styes by liquefying the contents of the oil glands of the eyelid and thereby preventing blockage.
All cosmetics and cosmetic tools should be kept clean and protected from the environment. Do not share makeup or eye cosmetic tools, such as eyelash
curlers. Makeup should be thrown away when it becomes old or contaminated.